What Is Disaster And Emergency Management?
When it comes to enterprise disaster management, there are multiple ways to describe how businesses prepare themselves for the same – namely disaster recovery, disaster management, emergency response, business continuity and so on.
However, it should be noted that even though all of these terms refer to disaster planning one way or the other – each of these terms represents a separate meaning. One term can designate disaster planning while other can indicate responding to a disaster – which is the reason why you need to know the subtle differences between the same. In this article guide, we’ll be explaining some of the major terms you need to know when it comes to disaster management.
DM or Disaster Management is defined by the procedure which includes managing all the required stages of a disaster. The stages involve before the disaster takes place, during the disaster and thereby after the disaster. It should be remembered that these three stages are divided further into four distinct phases, as follows:
When you combine the above four phases, the total process of disaster management response takes place. The reason is that each stage flows steadily into the other and thereby ultimately goes back into the first phase – starting the method all over again. The term ‘disaster management’ can also be used to denote the tactics, systems and the necessary steps that an organisation partakes as a part of its disaster planning strategy.
Even though both of these terms are often used interchangeably, there is quite a crucial difference between the two when it comes to response & recovery.
Emergency Management is denoted by the process that takes place to avoid an unforeseen circumstance with the help of available resources. On the other hand, Disaster Management is denoted by an event whose scope has a much wider reach than emergency management. Emergencies occur more frequently than disaster incidents, and its effects are much more far-reaching than emergency incidents.
The following are the four phases of disaster response:
- Prevention: This phase occurs before the actual incident and includes processes such as business impact analysis and risk assessment, which will help in detecting any system vulnerabilities and thereby take preventive measures.
- Preparation – This phase involves all the steps that an organization needs to perform to keep itself prepared for any disruption incident. Some of these steps include acquiring supplies, emergency drills and so on.
- Response – This phase takes place after the disaster has hit the business and involves the steps that need to be taken to perform a successful recovery. Some of the procedures include emergency aid, damage assessments, mitigation efforts, and the like.
Recovery – This phase signifies the final stage of the disaster management response procedure and it involves all the required methods needed to bring the operations of the organization to its normal levels. Such a phase includes restoring or replacement of failed systems and hardware so that full operational levels can be obtained.